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[福建]外语考试初级英语口笔译考试题二
http://english.cco8.com   2012-07-21 23:09:31   评论:    

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Questions 16~20

  At the beginning of 1613, about two hundred Polish soldiers arrived at a little Russian village. They lost their way in the thick forest and asked for a man to show them the way to town. But no one wanted to help them.

  "You will have to go through that forest," said an old man. "The road is on the other side." "Show us the way," cried the enemy officer," or we'll kill every one in the village!"

  "I'm old," said the old man. "I may be not able to walk so far."

  But to himself he said, "I'll have to show them the way, but if I lead them into the thickest part of the forest, they will die there and I'll help to save my country."

  The old man went in front, and two hundred soldiers followed him. For many hours they moved on through the forest.

  "Where is the road?" they cried. "We must be near the road by now."

  "I'm old," answered the old man. "Perhaps I have lost my way."

  "He wants money and give him some gold," said the soldiers. "But if he doesn't show us the way we will kill him."

  "We'll soon be on the road now," said the old man when he got the money. "And you will be able to go to the town."

  But the trees closed round them and it became darker and darker though it was still the middle of the day. It was even harder to walk on in the heavy snow.

  "This cannot be the road," the men said to one another, but they could do nothing but follow those in front.

  "So," said the old man when they stopped, "you can neither go farther not turn back. You will be here and you will die here. I will never turn against my country for your gold."

  16. The story happened _________.

  (A) in Russia

  (B) in a city

  (C) in Poland

  (D) in the soldiers' hometown

  17. The soldiers couldn't get to the town ______________.

  (A) because the old man was too old to walk

  (B) they lost their way in the thick forest

  (C) they killed every one in the village

  (D) they had to go through that forest

  18. At last all the soldiers _____________.

  (A) died in the forest

  (B) moved on through the forest

  (C) followed those in front

  (D) turned back to the village

  19. It became darker and darker because ______________.

  (A) it was going to rain

  (B) the trees were thicker and thicker

  (C) it was very late

  (D) it was not the middle of the day

  20. The old man _______.

  (A) turned against his country by getting gold

  (B) helped to save his country

 (C) killed all the soldiers

  (D) showed the soldiers back to town

  Questions 21~25

  There are thousands of different languages in the world. Everyone seems to think that his native language is the most important one, as it is their first language. For many people it is even their only language all their lives. But English is the world's most widely used language.


  As a native language, English is spoken by nearly three hundred million people, in the U.S.A., England, Australia and some other countries.

  For people in India and many other countries, English is often necessary for business, education and other activities. So English is the second language there.

  As a foreign language, no other language is more widely studied or used than English. We used it to listen to the radio, to read books or to travel. It is also one of the working languages in the United Nations and is more used than the others.

21.The native language is a person's ______ language.

 

  (A)first

  (B)only

  (C)one

  (D) foreign

  22. People in ______ use English as their second language.

  (A) in the U.S.A.

  (B) India

  (C) China

  (D) Australia

  23. People in China use English as a _______ language.

  (A) first

  (B) second

  (C) foreign

  (D) native

  24. English is _____ widely used working language in the United Nations.

  (A) much

  (B) more

  (C) the more

  (D) the most

  25. As a second language, English is used in ____ ways by people all over the world.

  (A)one

  (B) two

  (C) three

  (D) four

  Questions 26~30

  What is your favorite colour? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be a person full of hopeful happy feeling about life. Do you like grey and blue? Then maybe you are quiet, and you would rather go after than go before. And sometimes you feel unhappy. If you love green, you are strong-minded. You wish to do everything well and want other people to see you are successful. At least this is what psychologists tell us. They tell us that we don't choose our favourite colour as we grow up. If you happen to love brown, you did so as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.

  A yellow room makes us feel happier and more comfortable than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and gladness to the saddest winter day. Light and bright colours make people not only happier but more active. It is a fact that factory workers work better, harder and have few accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black dark grey.

  Remember, then, that if you feel low, you can always brighten your day or your life with a new shirt or a few colourful things. Remember also that you will know your friends better when you find out what colours they like and dislike. And don't forget that anyone can guess a lot about your character when you choose something in different colours.

  26. If you love green, ___________.

  (A) you feel unhappy

  (B) you are strong-minded

  (C) you are happy

  (D) you feel comfortable

27. Factory workers will have fewer accidents when ______.

 

  (A) they work in yellow or orange rooms

  (B) they work harder in red coats

  (C) they work on the orange machines

  (D) they work on the black machines

  28. It's important for us to choose colours because ______.

  (A) colours do affect our feeling in many ways

  (B) sometimes colours will do our feeling good(C) sometimes light and bright colours make us happy

  (D) colours will help us to do everything well

  29. If you feel low, you can brighten your day __________.

  (A) with more things to do

  (B) by helping others to do everything

  (C) with a new shirt

  (D) by seeing psychologist

  30. According to this passage, you know four friends better _______.

  (A) when you find out what colours they like and dislike

  (B) when you stay longer with them

  (C) if you see them often

  (D) when you choose something different for them

  SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes 20 points)

  Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the

  corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  As late as 1800, women's only place was in the home. The idea of women in the business was unthinkable. No “nice” woman would dream of entering what was strictly a “man's world”.


  Teaching was the first profession open to women soon after 1800. But even that was not an easy profession for women to enter because most high schools and colleges were open only to men.

  Hospital nursing became respectable work for women only after Florence Nightingale became famous. Miss Nightingale opened England's first training school for nurses in 1860.

  SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes 20 points)

  Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  这儿是位于福建省北部的松溪县。不知您注意到没有?松溪人好象对剑有一种偏爱,晨练的人大多持剑,剑的样式也是清一色的。您可别以为这仅是一种普通的剑。早在两千多年前,它就已经名列中国五大名剑之首了。它就是湛卢剑。

  第一部分综合笔试听力测试录音文字稿

  SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST

  Part A: Spot Dictation

  Directions: In this part of the test , you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once. Now let's begin Part A with Spot Dictation.

  Around the world young people are spending unbelievable sums of money to listen to rock music. Forbes Magazine claims that at least fifty rock stars have incomes of between two million and six million dollars per year.

  “It doesn't make sense,” says Johnny Mathis, one of the older music millionaires, who made a million dollars a year when he was most popular, in the 1950s. “Performers aren't worth this kind of money. In fact, nobody is.”

  But the rock stars' admirers seem to disagree. Those who love rock music spend about two billion dollars a year for records. They pay 150 million to see rock stars in person.

  Some observers think the customers are buying more than music. According to one theory, to play rock music doesn't require much training. There is no gulf between the audience and the performer. Every boy and girl in the audience thinks, “I could sing like that.” Rock music has become a kind of religion. Young people are glad to pay to worship a rock star because it is a way of worshipping themselves.

  Luck is a key word for explaining the success of many. In 1972 one of the luckiest was Don McLean, who wrote and sang “American Pie.” McLean earned more than a million dollars from recordings of “American Pie.” Then too, by writing his own music, McLean earns some extra money. Part B: Listening Comprehension

l. Statements

 

  Directions: In this part of the test you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once , and you will not find them written on the paper ; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement ,read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now let's begin with question number one.

  Question No. 1. Mrs. Lang and Mr. Hudson are old friends.

  Question No. 2. Ralph remained in Rome during the summer.

  Question No. 3. After dinner, we walked to the movies.

  Question No. 4. Send me a postcard of your hotel in Paris.

  Question No. 5. Janie refuses to eat liver unless her mother also prepares bacon with it.

  Question No. 6. Martha watched TV for two hours.

  Question No. 7. The rain flooded several areas of the city.

  Question No. 8. When the baby cries, it usually means his diaper needs changing.

  Question No. 9. The meeting began promptly at 8 p.m.

  Question No.10. The earlier you get here, the more working time we'll have.

  II. Talks and Conversations

  Directions: In this part of the test , you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question , read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

  Questions 11 to 20 are based on the following conversations.

  11.M: That's a lovely coat you're wearing.

  W: Oh, thank you. My husband gave it to me for my fortieth birthday.

  Question No.11. What did the woman say about the coat?


  12. W: You're back late. I was worried. How's the car? What did you find out about it?

  M: The mechanic said that the best thing would be to sell it and get a new car. This car is totally dead.

  Question No.12. What will the man probably do with his car?

  13. W: Have you found anything wrong with my stomach?

  M: Not yet. I am still examining. I'll let you know the result next week.

  Question No.13. What is the probable relationship between the man and the woman?

  14. M: You didn't go to the concert last night either, did you?

  W: No, I had a slight headache.

  Question No.14. What do we learn from this conversation?

  15. W: Has your brother bought his books yet?

  M: He bought a history book, but the Chinese and English text-books were sold out.

  Question No.15. Which book has the man's brother got?

  16. M: How do you manage to work and to go to school at the same time?

  W: My classes are at night and I work during the day.

  Question No. 16. What do we learn from this conversation?

  17. W: John, I don't know what to get for our father. He has just about everything, doesn't he?

  M: Why don't you get him a pocket calculator?

  Question No. 17. Why doesn't the woman know what to get for the man's father?

  18.W: It's surprising that Tom came out of the accident alive.

  M: That's true. The car crashed into the wall and was completely damaged.

  Question No. 18. What was the consequence of the accident?

  19.W: I'm sorry, sir. The train is somewhat behind schedule. Take a seat, and I'll tell you as soon as we know something definite. M: Thank you, I'll just set here and read a magazine in the meantime.

  Question No. 19. What can we conclude about the train from the conversation?

  20. M: I sent a letter to make a reservation for a single room a few days ago.

  W: I'm sorry, your request arrived too late. There are some conferences in town this week and we're full up.

  Question No. 20. Are there any spare rooms at the hotel?

  Questions 21 to 23 are based on the following talk.

  When my husband was promoted, we put our house up for sale. Three weeks later, it was still on the market. I became a busy housekeeper. Every room had to be kept tidy, and dishes had to be washed and put away when used. Then one day the doorbell rang unexpectedly at 8 a.m. Sleepily, I opened the door and saw our agent standing there with a couple from New York. “ There had been no time to call,” he explained, “because the couple had to catch a plane home.”


  The three people made their way past the dirty breakfast dishes on the kitchen table and into a bedroom with unmade beds. As I retreated into a bathroom to comb my hair, I heard the man say something to his wife. Then they both laughed.

  Two days later, the agent phoned to tell me that the couple had bought the house. He repeated what the buyer had said when he handed over the check the following day: “That house has a warm, live-in feeling, just like ours.”

Question No. 21. Why did the speaker sell her house?

 

  Question No. 22. Why did the agent call on the speaker so early in the morning?

  Question No. 23. Why did the couple laugh in the speaker's house?

  Questions 24 to 26 are based on the following talk.

  For many years, T-shirts were simple short-sleeved undershirts for men and boys, T-shirts used to be of one color——white. And since they were worn under shirts, they were generally not seen.

  Today the T-shirt has become fashionable. It can be seen everywhere and on everyone. Women and little children wear T-shirts as do teenagers, university students, and men from all walks of life. T-shirts are worn on playground, at the beach or in town. They can also be worn for work. Yet T-shirts remain relatively inexpensive and longwearing, as well as easy to care for. Smart but comfortable and convenient to wear, they have become one of America's newest idea on fashion.

  Although T-shirts are now available in a wide variety of bright materials and styles, the most popular kind is the traditional cotton T-shirts with a slogan or picture printed on the front. A T-shirts may bear a single word, a popular phrase, pictures of popular singers, or an advertisement. As T-shirts are becoming more and more popular, new designs are coming up all the time.

  Question No. 24. What is the most popular kind of T-shirt?

  Question No. 25. Why do people like to wear T-shirts so much today?

  Question No. 26. What is being done to make T-shirts more attractive?

  Questions 27 to 30 are based on the following talk.

  When you take a walk in any of the cities in the West, you often see a lot of people walking dogs. It is still true that a dog is the most useful and faithful animal in the world, but the reasons why people keep a dog have changed. In the old days people used to train dogs to protect themselves against attacks by other beasts. And later they came to realize that a dog was not only useful for protection but willing to obey his master. For example, when people used dogs for hunting, the dogs would not eat what was caught without permission. But now people in the city need not protect themselves against attacks of animals. Why do they keep dogs, then? Some people keep dogs to protect themselves from robbery. But the most important reason is for companionship. For a child, a dog is his best friend when he has no friends to play with. For young couples, a dog is their child when they have no children. For old couples, a dog is also their child when their real children have grown up. So the main reason why people keep dogs has changed from protection to friendship. Question No. 27. According to the talk, what were dogs trained for in the past?

  Question No. 28. Why were dogs used for hunting?

  Question No. 29. What is the most important reason for people in the city to keep dogs now?

  Question No. 30. What is the main idea of this talk?

  Part C: Listening and Translation

  l. Sentence Translation

  Directions: In this part of the test , you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now let's begin Sentence Translation with Sentence No. 1.

  Sentence No. 1. John corrected one mistake but neglected the others.

  Sentence No. 2. He was too sleepy to take the medicine.

  Sentence No. 3. The problem was solved after several months' discussion.

  Sentence No. 4. The boss told his secretary to finish the report on time.

  Sentence No. 5. He suggests that she spend more time studying her textbook.

Ⅱ. Passage Translation

 

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening. Now let's begin Passage Translation with the first passage.

  Passage 1 :

  Professional sports are very popular in the United States. The most popular sports are baseball,football and basketball. Each has its own season,and millions of supporters.

  Passage 2 :

  No air means death. Although we can't see it, there is air round us. So air is everywhere and it gives life to every living thing. Without it we cannot live.

  福建省初级 英语 翻译口、笔译资格证书考试


  第二部分口译考试

  口语题(40 points)

  Directions: Talk on the following topic or pictures for at least 2 minutes. Be sure to make your points clear and supporting details adequate. Remember that what you said will be recorded. Start talking at the signal…… and stop it at the signal……

  Sample 1.

  Topic: Is it necessary to develop tourism?

  Aspects to be covered:

  1. What are the advantages of developing the tourist trade?

  2. What should be done to improve Fujian's tourist industry ?

  Sample 2.

  Picture talk: Talk about useful facilities companies should spend money on for their staff.

  口译题(60 points)

  Part A

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. After you have heard each sentence , interpret it into Chinese. Start interpreting at the signal…… and stop it at the signal…… You may take notes while you are listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now let's begin Part A with the first passage.

  Passage 1 :

  Passage 2:

  Part B

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in Chinese. After you have heard each sentence , interpret it into English. Start interpreting at the signal…… and stop it at the signal…… You may take notes while you are listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now let's begin Part B with the first passage.

  Passage 1 :

  Passage 2 :

  口译题录音文字稿

  Part A

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. After you have heard each sentence , interpret it into Chinese. Start interpreting at the signal…… and stop it at the signal…… You may take notes while you are listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now let's begin Part A with the first passage.Passage 1 :

  Vancouver is the third largest city in Canada after Toronto and Montreal.// It is also an important financial and business centre.// Not to forgotten is the fact that Vancouver is Canada's busiest seaport.// The Vancouver port is the largest port all along the entire Pacific Coast of North and South America.

  Passage 2 :

  The future lies with the young.// We two countries come from different traditions, and sharing these traditions benefits us all.// We are delighted that more of your young people are coming to study with us,// and that many of our students and visitors are now learning and enjoying what China has to offer.

  Part B

  Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in Chinese. After you have heard each sentence , interpret it into English. Start interpreting at the signal…… and stop it at the signal…… You may take notes while you are listening. Remember you will hear the passages only once. Now let's begin Part B with the first passage.

  Passage 1 :

  欢迎你到福州来,见到你非常高兴。// 久闻先生大名,能请到你是我们的荣幸。/从现在起王小姐将做你的翻译,希望你在福州过得愉快。//在福州附近的名胜中,鼓山是最受欢迎的。你在福州期间一定不要把这个地方遗漏了。

  Passage 2 :

  我们的女运动员真不简单。//中国在1992年巴塞罗那奥运会上夺得的16块金牌中,有12块是女运动员赢得的;//人们都说中国体育界阴盛阳衰。//我们真希望男运动员也出几匹黑马,爆几个冷门才好呢!

  福建省初级 英语 翻译口、笔译资格证书考试

  笔译考试

  Part A: Translate the following passages from English into Chinese(two passages, each 25 points)

  Passage 1 :

  Can man be credited with choosing the right path when he knows only one?Can he be congratulated for his wise decision when only one judgment is possible? If he knows nothing of vice, is he to be praised for adhering to virtue? Wisdom consists of the deliberate exercise of judgment; knowledge comes in the discrimination between those known alternatives. Weighing these alternatives is the way of maturity. Only then does man have the strength to follow his choice without wavering, since that choice is based firmly on knowledge rather than on an uncertain, dangerously shallow foundation of ignorance.

  Passage 2 :

  For many years the United States and other nations used gold and silver money. Paper money was used to stand for the holding of both silver and gold. The value of silver was limited to that of gold. Fifteen ounces of silver had the same value of one ounce of gold. These values didn't change until after 1860 when mines in the west of the United States began to produce large amounts of silver. This extra amount of silver caused its price to fall. No longer would fifteen ounces of silver buy one ounce of gold. In 1871, Germany declared that it would no longer support its paper money with silver. Instead, it would use only gold. Other countries of Europe quickly did the same.

  Part B: Translate the following passages from Chinese into English ( two passages, each 25 points )

  Passage 1 :

  西湖位于福州市区西北的卧龙山下,最初开挖于晋代。原用于排涝灌溉。五代时,闽王在湖滨建造御花园,号称“水晶宫”。1914年开始辟为公园,园区也随之扩大,面积比原来增加五倍以上。如今的西湖公园,以湖心开化屿为中心,有飞虹桥、步云桥、玉带桥等,与几个湖屿相连接,构成整体。

  Passage 2 :

  知识创新

  知识的生命力在于创新,只有不断地创造出新的知识和技术,才能推动经济社会的快速发展。在新的世纪里,人才、文化、 教育 、经济和社会管理等因素在经济和社会发展中的作用日趋重要。只有在理论、科技方面不断进行改革创新,不断有新的创造和突破,才能为经济和社会发展注入新的生机和活力。


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